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bitumen

[bahy-too-muh n, -tyoo-, bi-, bich-oo-] /baɪˈtu mən, -ˈtyu-, bɪ-, ˈbɪtʃ ʊ-/
noun
1.
any of various natural substances, as asphalt, maltha, or gilsonite, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons.
2.
(formerly) an asphalt of Asia Minor used as cement and mortar.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English bithumen < Latin bitūmen
Related forms
bituminoid
[bahy-too-muh-noid, -tyoo-, bi-] /baɪˈtu məˌnɔɪd, -ˈtyu-, bɪ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bituminoid

bitumen

/ˈbɪtjʊmɪn/
noun
1.
any of various viscous or solid impure mixtures of hydrocarbons that occur naturally in asphalt, tar, mineral waxes, etc: used as a road surfacing and roofing material
2.
the constituents of coal that can be extracted by an organic solvent
3.
any liquid suitable for coating aggregates
4.
the bitumen
  1. (Austral & NZ, informal) any road with a bitumen surface
  2. (capital) (Austral, informal) the road in the Northern Territory between Darwin and Alice Springs
5.
a transparent brown pigment or glaze made from asphalt
Derived Forms
bituminous (bɪˈtjuːmɪnəs) adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin bitūmen, perhaps of Celtic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bituminoid

bitumen

n.

mid-15c., from Latin bitumen "asphalt," probably, via Oscan or Umbrian, from Celtic *betu- "birch, birch resin" (cf. Gaulish betulla "birch," used by Pliny for the tree supposedly the source of bitumen).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bituminoid in Science
bitumen
  (bĭ-t'mən)   
Any of various flammable mixtures of hydrocarbons and other substances found in asphalt and tar. Bitumens occur naturally or are produced from petroleum and coal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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bituminoid in the Bible

Gen. 11:3, R.V., margin, rendered in the A.V. "slime"), a mineral pitch. With this the ark was pitched (6:14. See also Ex. 2:3.) (See SLIME.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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