a branch of a tree, especially one of the larger or main branches.

before 1000; Middle English bogh, Old English bōg, bōh shoulder, bough; cognate with Old Norse bōgr, Dutch boeg, German Bug, Greek pêchys, Sanskrit bāhu

boughless, adjective
underbough, noun

bough, bow, branch (see synonym study at branch).

1. See branch. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bough (baʊ)
any of the main branches of a tree
[Old English bōg arm, twig; related to Old Norse bōgr shoulder, ship's bow, Old High German buog shoulder, Greek pēkhus forearm, Sanskrit bāhu; see bow³, elbow]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. bog "shoulder, arm," extended O.E. to "twig, branch" (cf. limb), from P.Gmc. *bogaz (cf. O.N. bogr "shoulder," O.H.G. buog, Ger. Bug "shoulder, hock, joint"), from PIE *bhagus "elbow, forearm" (cf. Skt. bahus "arm," Armenian bazuk, Gk. pakhys "forearm"). The "limb of a
tree" sense is peculiar to English.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Boughs twist and rent with ice up and down the sides of our street.
From a charpoy-a bed of sticks and string-set outside the hut, the boughs of
  the overhanging trees are dimly visible.
And from there, the dusty boughs of the gao spread in widening circles of green.
Provide winter cover of evergreen boughs in coldest regions.
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