[braz-uh-vil, brah-zuh-; French bra-za-veel]
a port in and the capital of the People's Republic of the Congo, in the S part, on the Congo (Zaire) River: former capital of French Equatorial Africa. Unabridged


a republic in central Africa, W of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly an overseas territory in French Equatorial Africa; now an independent member of the French community. 132,046 sq. mi. (341,999 sq. km). Capital: Brazzaville. Formerly French Congo, Middle Congo.
Formerly Zaire (1971–97) none Democratic Republic of the Congo. none Belgian Congo (1908–60) none Congo Free State (1885–1908) a republic in central Africa: a former Belgian colony; gained independence 1960. 905,568 sq. mi. (2,345,410 sq. km). Capital: Kinshasa.
Also called Zaire. a river in central Africa, flowing in a great loop from SE Democratic Republic of the Congo to the Atlantic. About 3000 miles (4800 km) long.

trans-Congo, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Brazzaville (French brazavil)
the capital of Congo-Brazzaville, in the south on the River Congo. Pop: 1 153 000 (2005 est)
[C19: named after Pierre de Brazza (1852--1905), French explorer]

Congo (ˈkɒŋɡəʊ)
1.  Democratic Republic of Congo Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, Former names: Zaïre a republic in S central Africa, with a narrow strip of land along the Congo estuary leading to the Atlantic in the west: Congo Free State established in 1885, with Leopold II of Belgium as absolute monarch; became the Belgian Congo colony in 1908; gained independence in 1960, followed by civil war and the secession of Katanga (until 1963); President Mobutu Sese Seko seized power in 1965; declared a one-party state in 1978, and was overthrown by rebels in 1997. The country consists chiefly of the Congo basin, with large areas of dense tropical forest and marshes, and the Mitumba highlands reaching over 5000 m (16 000 ft) in the east. Official language: French. Religion: Christian majority, animist minority. Currency: Congolese franc. Capital: Kinshasa. Pop: 54 417 000 (2004 est). Area: 2 344 116 sq km (905 063 sq miles)
2.  Republic of Congo another name for Congo-Brazzaville
3.  Former Zaïrese name (1971--97): Zaïre the second longest river in Africa, rising as the Lualaba on the Katanga plateau in the Democratic Republic of Congo and flowing in a wide northerly curve to the Atlantic: forms the border between Congo-Brazzaville and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Length: about 4800 km (3000 miles). Area of basin: about 3 000 000 sq km (1 425 000 sq miles)
4.  a variant spelling of Kongo

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

capital of Republic of Congo, named for Fr. explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (1852-1905), who founded it in 1883. An It. count, his title is from the Adriatic island of Brazza, now Brač in Croatia.

African nation, named for the river that runs through it, which is from a Bantu word meaning "mountains" (i.e., the river that flows from the mountains). As an adj., Congoese is native (1797) but has been supplanted by Congolese (1900), from Fr. Congolais.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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