Bucks

[buhks] /bʌks/
noun

buck1

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun
1.
the male of the deer, antelope, rabbit, hare, sheep, or goat.
2.
the male of certain other animals, as the shad.
3.
an impetuous, dashing, or spirited man or youth.
4.
Disparaging and Offensive. a contemptuous term used to refer to an American Indian male or a black male.
5.
6.
bucks, casual oxford shoes made of buckskin, often in white or a neutral color.
adjective
7.
Military. of the lowest of several ranks involving the same principal designation, hence subject to promotion within the rank:
"buck private; buck sergeant."
Origin
before 1000; Middle English bukke, Old English bucca he-goat, bucc male deer; cognate with Dutch bok, German Bock, Old Norse bukkr; def. 5, 6 by shortening; buck private (from circa 1870) perhaps as extension of general sense “male,” i.e., having no status other than being male

buck2

[buhk] /bʌk/
verb (used without object)
1.
(of a saddle or pack animal) to leap with arched back and come down with head low and forelegs stiff, in order to dislodge a rider or pack.
2.
Informal. to resist or oppose obstinately; object strongly:
"The mayor bucked at the school board's suggestion."
3.
(of a vehicle, motor, or the like) to operate unevenly; move by jerks and bounces.
verb (used with object)
4.
to throw or attempt to throw (a rider or pack) by bucking.
5.
to force a way through or proceed against (an obstacle):
"The plane bucked a strong headwind."
6.
to strike with the head; butt.
7.
to resist or oppose obstinately; object strongly to.
8.
Football. (of a ball-carrier) to charge into (the opponent's line).
9.
to gamble, play, or take a risk against:
"He was bucking the odds when he bought that failing business."
10.
to press a reinforcing device against (the force of a rivet) in order to absorb vibration and increase expansion.
noun
11.
an act of bucking.
Verb phrases
12.
buck for, to strive for a promotion or some other advantage:
"to buck for a raise."
13.
buck up, to make or become more cheerful, vigorous, etc.:
"She knew that with a change of scene she would soon buck up."
Origin
1855–60; verbal use of buck1, influenced in some senses by buck3

buck3

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun
1.
a sawhorse.
2.
Gymnastics. a cylindrical, leather-covered block mounted in a horizontal position on a single vertical post set in a steel frame, for use chiefly in vaulting.
3.
any of various heavy frames, racks, or jigs used to support materials or partially assembled items during manufacture, as in airplane assembly plants.
4.
Also called door buck. a doorframe of wood or metal set in a partition, especially one of light masonry, to support door hinges, hardware, finish work, etc.
verb (used with object)
5.
to split or saw (logs, felled trees, etc.).
Verb phrases
6.
buck in, Surveying, Optical Tooling. to set up an instrument in line with two marks.
Origin
1855–60; short for sawbuck

buck4

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun
1.
Poker. any object in the pot that reminds the winner of some privilege or obligation when his or her turn to deal next comes.
verb (used with object)
2.
to pass (something) along to another, especially as a means of avoiding responsibility or blame:
"He bucked the letter on to the assistant vice president to answer."
Idioms
3.
pass the buck, to shift responsibility or blame to another person:
"Never one to admit error, he passed the buck to his subordinates."
Origin
1860–65; short for buckhorn knife, an object which served this function

buck5

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun
1.
lye used for washing clothes.
2.
clothes washed in lye.
verb (used with object)
3.
to wash or bleach (clothes) in lye.
Origin
1350–1400; Middle English bouken (v.); compare Middle Low German buken, büken to steep in lye, Middle High German būchen, bruchen

buck6

[buhk] /bʌk/
verb (used without object), noun, Indian English.
1.
bukh.

buck8

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun, Slang.
1.
a dollar.
Origin
1855–60, Americanism; perhaps buck1 in sense “buckskin”; deerskins were used by Indians and frontiersmen as a unit of exchange in transactions with merchants

Buck

[buhk] /bʌk/
noun
1.
Pearl (Sydenstricker)
[sahyd-n-strik-er] /ˈsaɪd nˌstrɪk ər/ (Show IPA),
1892–1973, U.S. novelist: Nobel Prize 1938.
2.
a male given name.
British Dictionary definitions for Bucks
buck1 (bʌk)
 
n
1.  a.  the male of various animals including the goat, hare, kangaroo, rabbit, and reindeer
 b.  (as modifier): a buck antelope
2.  (South African) an antelope or deer of either sex
3.  informal (US) a young man
4.  archaic a robust spirited young man
5.  archaic a dandy; fop
6.  the act of bucking
 
vb (when intr, often foll by against)
7.  (intr) (of a horse or other animal) to jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
8.  (tr) (of a horse, etc) to throw (its rider) by bucking
9.  informal chiefly (US), (Canadian) to resist or oppose obstinately: to buck against change; to buck change
10.  informal (tr; usually passive) to cheer or encourage: I was very bucked at passing the exam
11.  informal (US), (Canadian) (esp of a car) to move forward jerkily; jolt
12.  (US), (Canadian) to charge against (something) with the head down; butt
 
[Old English bucca he-goat; related to Old Norse bukkr, Old High German bock, Old Irish bocc]
 
'bucker1
 
n

buck2 (bʌk)
 
n
1.  informal (US), (Canadian), (Austral) a dollar
2.  informal (South African) a rand
3.  a fast buck easily gained money
4.  bang for one's buck See bang
 
[C19: of obscure origin]

buck3 (bʌk)
 
n
1.  gymnastics a type of vaulting horse
2.  (US), (Canadian) Also called (in Britain and certain other countries): sawhorse a stand for timber during sawing
 
vb
3.  (US), (Canadian) (tr) to cut (a felled or fallen tree) into lengths
 
[C19: short for sawbuck]

buck4 (bʌk)
 
n
1.  poker a marker in the jackpot to remind the winner of some obligation when his turn comes to deal
2.  informal pass the buck to shift blame or responsibility onto another
3.  informal the buck stops here the ultimate responsibility lies here
 
[C19: probably from buckhorn knife, placed before a player in poker to indicate that he was the next dealer]

Buck (bʌk)
 
n
Pearl S(ydenstricker). 1892--1973, US novelist, noted particularly for her novel of Chinese life The Good Earth (1931): Nobel prize for literature 1938

Bucks (bʌks)
 
abbreviation for
Buckinghamshire

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin and History for Bucks
buck
"male deer," c.1300, earlier "male goat;" from O.E. bucca "male goat," from P.Gmc. *bukkon (cf. M.Du. boc, O.H.G. boc, O.N. bokkr), perhaps from a PIE base *bhugo (cf. Avestan buza "buck, goat," Arm. buc "lamb"), but some speculate that it is from a lost pre-Gmc. language. Barnhart says O.E. buc "male deer" is a "ghost word or scribal error." Meaning "dollar" is 1856, Amer.Eng., perhaps an abbreviation of buckskin, a unit of trade among Indians and Europeans in frontier days, attested in this sense from 1748. Pass the buck is first recorded in the lit. sense 1865, Amer.Eng.:
"The 'buck' is any inanimate object, usually knife or pencil, which is thrown into a jack pot and temporarily taken by the winner of the pot. Whenever the deal reaches the holder of the 'buck', a new jack pot must be made." [J.W. Keller, "Draw Poker," 1887]
The fig. sense of "shift responsibility" is first recorded 1912. Buck private is recorded by 1870s, of uncertain signification.
buck
1848, apparently with a sense of "jump like a buck," from buck (n.1). Buck up "cheer up" is from 1844.
buck
"sawhorse," 1817, Amer.Eng., apparently from Du. bok "trestle."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang related to Bucks

buck

noun
  1. A dollar (1850s+)
  2. A hundred dollars, esp as a bet (1960s+ Gambling)
  3. buck private
  4. A Roman Catholic priest (1920s+ Hoboes)
  5. A young male Indian; Native American brave (1800+)
  6. young black man (1830s+)
  7. Any young man, esp a strong and spirited one; bucko (mid-1700s+)
verb
  1. To resist; defy; go up against •Often in the negative : You can't buck the system/ Life is a combination hard to buck, A proposition difficult to beat (1850s+)
  2. To work for personal advancement; aspire eagerly; covet : I'm bucking for that dealership (1880s+)
  3. To pass along a letter, memorandum, problem, etc, usu without taking action; pass the buck : Let's buck this one to the Committee on Hot Potatoes (WWII armed forces)
general

bang for the buck, big bucks, the buck stops here, fast buck, pass the buck, sawbuck

[all senses ultimately fr buck, ''male animal, usually horned''; the semantics are complex: for example, the first sense is said to be fr the fact that a buck deer's skin was more valuable than a female's skin; the other senses have most to do with male behavior of a butting and strutting sort]


Dictionary of American Slang
Copyright © 1986 by HarperCollins Publishers
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Encyclopedia Article for Bucks

county, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered to the east by New Jersey (the Delaware River constituting the boundary). It consists of piedmont terrain surrounded by the cities of Allentown, Pa., Trenton, N.J., and Philadelphia, Pa. In addition to the Delaware, the county is drained by Cooks, Tohickon, Neshaminy, and East Branch Perkiomen creeks. Recreational areas include Lakes Nockamixon and Galena and five state parks.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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13
16
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