Budapest

Budapest

[boo-duh-pest, boo-duh-pest; Hungarian boo-do-pesht]
noun
a city in and the capital of Hungary, in the central part, on the Danube River: formed 1873 from two cities on the W bank of the Danube (Buda and Obuda) and one on the E bank (Pest)
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Hungary

[huhng-guh-ree]
noun
a republic in central Europe. 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Capital: Budapest.
Hungarian Magyarország.
Hungary, hungry (see synonym study at hungry).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Budapest (ˌbjuːdəˈpɛst, Hungarian ˈbudɔpɛʃt)
 
n
the capital of Hungary, on the River Danube: formed in 1873 from the towns of Buda and Pest. Traditionally Buda, the old Magyar capital, was the administrative and Pest the trade centre: suffered severely in the Russian siege of 1945 and in the unsuccessful revolt against the Communist regime (1956). Pop: 1 719 342 (2003 est)

Hungary (ˈhʌŋɡərɪ)
 
n
Hungarian name: Magyarország a republic in central Europe: Magyars first unified under Saint Stephen, the first Hungarian king (1001--38); taken by the Hapsburgs from the Turks at the end of the 17th century; gained autonomy with the establishment of the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary (1867) and became a republic in 1918; passed under Communist control in 1949; a popular rising in 1956 was suppressed by Soviet troops; a multi-party democracy replaced Communism in 1989 after mass protests; joined the EU in 2004. It consists chiefly of the Middle Danube basin and plains. Official language: Hungarian. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: forint. Capital: Budapest Pop: 9 831 000 (2004 est). Area: 93 030 sq km (35 919 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Hungary
mid-15c., probably lit. "land of the Huns," who ruled a vast territory from there under Attila in the Dark Ages; from M.L. Hungaria, from Medieval Gk. Oungroi, the name applied to the people whose name for themselves we transliterate as Magyars. Also related are Fr. Hongrie, Ger. Ungarn, Rus. Vengriya,
Ukr. Ugorshchina, but the Turk. name for the country, Macaristan, reflects the indigenous name.

Budapest
Hungarian capital, formed 1872 from merger of two cities on opposite shores of the Danube, Buda (probably from a word originally meaning "water") + Pest, a Slavic name meaning "furnace, oven, cove" (cf. Rus. pech').
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Budapest [(booh-duh-pest, booh-duh-pesht)]

Capital of Hungary and largest city in the country, located in north-central Hungary on both banks of the Danube River; the industrial, cultural, and transportation center of Hungary.

Hungary definition


Republic in central Europe, bordered by the former Czechoslovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and south, Yugoslavia and Croatia to the south, and Slovenia and Austria to the west. Its capital and largest city is Budapest.

Note: Hungary is a former Eastern Bloc country.
Note: The Austro-Hungarian Empire, in which Austria and Hungary were equal partners, was established in 1867 and collapsed in World War I.
Note: Soviet troops invaded Hungary in 1956 to put down a revolution against the communist government.
Note: Hungary held multiparty free elections in October 1990, ending forty-two years of communist rule. In 1999, it joined NATO.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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