[kuh-mand-muhnt, -mahnd-]
a command or mandate.
(sometimes initial capital letter) any of the ten commandments.
the act or power of commanding.

1200–50; Middle English com(m)and(e)ment < Anglo-French, Old French com(m)andement. See command, -ment Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
commandment (kəˈmɑːndmənt)
1.  a divine command, esp one of the Ten Commandments of the Old Testament
2.  literary any command

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-13c., "an order from an authority," from O.Fr. comandement, from L. *commandamentum, from *commandare (see command). Pronounced as four syllables until 17c.
"Of þe x commandements ... þe first comondement is þis, O God we ssul honuri" (c.1280).

short for The Ten Commandments, attested from c.1280. In O.E. they were ða bebodu.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
My take on this is that it means all the commandments.
Other cultures controlled behavior by citing divine commandments.
Let thine heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live.
Matching Quote
"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; you shall have no other gods before me.
You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.
Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work -you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.
Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
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