cacique

[kuh-seek]
noun
1.
a chief of an Indian clan or tribe in Mexico and the West Indies.
2.
(in Spain and Latin America) a political boss on a local level.
3.
(in the Philippines) a prominent landowner.
4.
any of several black and red or black and yellow orioles of the American tropics that construct long, pendent nests.

Origin:
1545–55; < Spanish < Taino (Hispaniola)

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World English Dictionary
cacique or cazique (kəˈsiːk, kəˈziːk)
 
n
1.  a Native American chief in a Spanish-speaking region
2.  (esp in Spanish America) a local political boss
3.  any of various tropical American songbirds of the genus Cacicus and related genera: family Icteridae (American orioles)
 
[C16: from Spanish, of Arawak origin; compare Taino cacique chief]
 
cazique or cazique
 
n
 
[C16: from Spanish, of Arawak origin; compare Taino cacique chief]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cacique

any of a dozen tropical American birds belonging to the family Icteridae (order Passeriformes) and resembling the related oropendolas. Caciques are smaller than oropendolas and have a less-powerful bill, which lacks a frontal shield. These striking black-and-yellow or black-and-red birds make hanging nests. A common species is the all-black, yellow-billed cacique (Cacicus, or Amblycercus, holosericeus), about 20 cm (8 inches) long, found in areas from southern Mexico to Bolivia.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Their regional chieftaincies, each headed by a leader known as a cacique, crumbled away.
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