calibrate

[kal-uh-breyt]
verb (used with object), calibrated, calibrating.
1.
to determine, check, or rectify the graduation of (any instrument giving quantitative measurements).
2.
to divide or mark with gradations, graduations, or other indexes of degree, quantity, etc., as on a thermometer, measuring cup, or the like.
3.
to determine the correct range for (an artillery gun, mortar, etc.) by observing where the fired projectile hits.
4.
to plan or devise (something) carefully so as to have a precise use, application, appeal, etc.: a sales strategy calibrated to rich investors.

Origin:
1860–65; caliber + -ate1

calibration, noun
calibrator, calibrater, noun
intercalibration, noun
recalibrate, verb (used with object), recalibrated, recalibrating.
uncalibrated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calibrate (ˈkælɪˌbreɪt)
 
vb
1.  to measure the calibre of (a gun, mortar, etc)
2.  to mark (the scale of a measuring instrument) so that readings can be made in appropriate units
3.  to determine the accuracy of (a measuring instrument, etc)
4.  to determine or check the range and accuracy of (a piece of artillery)
 
cali'bration
 
n
 
'calibrator
 
n
 
'calibrater
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

calibrate
1864, verb formed from caliber + -ate (2). Related: calibrated; calibrating; calibration.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

calibrate cal·i·brate (kāl'ə-brāt')
v. cal·i·brat·ed, cal·i·brat·ing, cal·i·brates

  1. To check, adjust, or determine the graduations of a quantitative measuring instrument by comparison with a standard.

  2. To determine the caliber of a tube.

  3. To make corrections in or adjust a procedure or process.


cal'i·bra'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
calibrate   (kāl'ə-brāt')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. To check, adjust, or standardize a measuring instrument, usually by comparing it with an accepted model.

  2. To measure the diameter of the inside of a tube.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It was not an exercise in silliness, but in calibration.
Unlike earlier bellicosity, today's rhetoric lacks calibration.
We realized that the best time for our twilight calibration data is precisely
  when the bugs come out and start biting.
As a result, astronomers have had to rely on indirect methods of calibration.
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