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Caltanissetta

[kal-tuh-nuh-set-uh; Italian kahl-tah-nees-set-tah] /ˌkæl tə nəˈsɛt ə; Italian ˌkɑl tɑ nisˈsɛt tɑ/
noun
1.
a city in central Sicily: cathedral; Norman monastery.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Caltanissetta

Caltanissetta

/Italian kaltanisˈsɛtta/
noun
1.
a city in central Sicily: sulphur mines. Pop: 61 438 (2001)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Caltanissetta

city, central Sicily, Italy. The city lies in the mountains west of the Salso River at an elevation of 1,929 feet (588 m). It is sometimes identified with the ancient cities of Gibil-Habib or Sabucino, but its recorded history does not begin until the Norman occupation (1086). The name is believed to be derived from the ancient Nissa and the Arabic prefix qal'at ("castle"). In World War II Caltanissetta was damaged during heavy fighting in 1943. The centre of the city is the Piazza Garibaldi, and the modern quarter is to the west. The ruined castle of Pietrarossa is a Norman structure, as is the abbey of San Spirito. The cathedral (consecrated 1622) and the Palazzo Moncada are in the Baroque style, and there are 19th-century Neoclassical palaces. The city has a civic museum with a rich archaeological collection, as well as art and mineralogy museums. It is an episcopal see.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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