ancient Egyptian city on the western coast of the Nile River delta, in al-Iskandariyah muhafazah (governorate). Known to the Greeks as Kanopos, its Egyptian name was PeGewat. The Canopic branch of the Nile is entirely silted up, but on the shore about 2 miles (3.22 km) from Abu Qir there are extensive remains, including the temple of the Greco-Egyptian god Serapis. Canopus was a centre of the ointment industry and a pleasure resort for the people of Alexandria
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