carbine

[kahr-been, -bahyn]
noun
1.
a light, gas-operated semiautomatic rifle.
2.
(formerly) a short rifle used in the cavalry.

Origin:
1595–1605; earlier carabine < Middle French: small harquebus, weapon borne by a carabin a lightly armed cavalryman, compared with (e)scarabin gravedigger for plague victims (< Provençal, akin to French escarbot cockchafer, dung beetle ≪ Latin scarabaeus scarab), though semantic change is unclear

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World English Dictionary
carbine (ˈkɑːbaɪn)
 
n
1.  a light automatic or semiautomatic rifle of limited range
2.  carabin, Also called: carabine a light short-barrelled shoulder rifle formerly used by cavalry
 
[C17: from French carabine, from Old French carabin carabineer, perhaps variant of escarrabin one who prepares corpses for burial, from scarabée, from Latin scarabaeusscarab]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

carbine
1590, from Fr. carabine, used of light horsemen and also of the weapon they carried, perhaps from M.L. Calabrinus "Calabrian." One far-fetched theory connects it to O.Fr. escarrabin "corpse-bearer during the plague," lit. (probably) "carrion beetle," said to have been an epithet for archers from Flanders.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
There are also several ranged weapons including a musket, an army carbine and a mortar.
Know now to safely operate the carbine on the range and in the field.
Training is based on fundamental principles that will increase speed, accuracy and confidence with the carbine.
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