cardoon

[kahr-doon]
noun
a composite plant, Cynara cardunculus, of the Mediterranean area, having a root and leafstalks eaten as a vegetable.
Also, cardon [kahr-dohn] .


Origin:
1605–15; < Middle French cardon < Old Provençal < Medieval Latin cardōn-, stem of cardō, for Latin card(u)us thistle, cardoon

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World English Dictionary
cardoon (kɑːˈduːn)
 
n
a thistle-like S European plant, Cynara cardunculus, closely related to the artichoke, with spiny leaves, purple flowers, and a leafstalk that may be blanched and eaten: family Asteraceae (composites)
 
[C17: from French cardon, ultimately from Latin carduus thistle, artichoke]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cardoon

(Cynara cardunculus), thistlelike perennial herb of the family Asteraceae, native to southern Europe and North Africa, where it is used as a vegetable. Its blanched inner leaves and stalk (called the chard, though not to be confused with Swiss chard, or leaf beet) and thick main roots are usually boiled, seasoned, and served chilled in salads.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
It is a close relative of both the cultivated artichoke and the cardoon, which is grown as an ornamental flower.
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