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[kahr-doon] /kɑrˈdun/
a composite plant, Cynara cardunculus, of the Mediterranean area, having a root and leafstalks eaten as a vegetable.
Also, cardon
[kahr-dohn] /kɑrˈdoʊn/ (Show IPA)
1605-15; < Middle French cardon < Old Provençal < Medieval Latin cardōn-, stem of cardō, for Latin card(u)us thistle, cardoon Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for cardoon
  • It is a close relative of both the cultivated artichoke and the cardoon, which is grown as an ornamental flower.
British Dictionary definitions for cardoon


a thistle-like S European plant, Cynara cardunculus, closely related to the artichoke, with spiny leaves, purple flowers, and a leafstalk that may be blanched and eaten: family Asteraceae (composites)
Word Origin
C17: from French cardon, ultimately from Latin carduus thistle, artichoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cardoon

1610s, from French cardon, from Provençal cardon, properly "thistle," from Late latin cardonem (nominative cardo "thistle," related to Latin carduus "thistle, artichoke" (see harsh).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for cardoon

(Cynara cardunculus), thistlelike perennial herb of the family Asteraceae, native to southern Europe and North Africa, where it is used as a vegetable. Its blanched inner leaves and stalk (called the chard, though not to be confused with Swiss chard, or leaf beet) and thick main roots are usually boiled, seasoned, and served chilled in salads.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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