Architecture. a rounded, convex surface, usually surrounded with carved ornamental scrollwork, for receiving a painted or low-relief decoration, as an escutcheon.
an oval or oblong figure, as on ancient Egyptian monuments, enclosing characters that represent the name of a sovereign.
the case containing the inflammable materials in certain fireworks.
cartridge ( def 1 ).
a box for cartridges.
Also, cartouch.

1605–15; < Middle French < Italian cartoccio, equivalent to cart(a) paper (see carte) + -occio augmentative suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cartouche or cartouch (kɑːˈtuːʃ)
1.  a carved or cast ornamental tablet or panel in the form of a scroll, sometimes having an inscription
2.  an oblong figure enclosing characters expressing royal or divine names in Egyptian hieroglyphics
3.  the paper case holding combustible materials in certain fireworks
4.  rare a cartridge or a box for cartridges
[C17: from French: scroll, cartridge, from Italian cartoccio, from carta paper; see card1]
cartouch or cartouch
[C17: from French: scroll, cartridge, from Italian cartoccio, from carta paper; see card1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1611, Fr. form of cartridge (q.v.). Application to Egyptian hieroglyphics dates from 1830, on resemblance to rolled paper cartridges.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Cartouches
They often had elaborate cartouches giving the name of the estate owner.
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