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Funk

[foo ngk, fuhngk] /fʊŋk, fʌŋk/
noun
1.
Casimir
[kaz-uh-meer] /ˈkæz əˌmɪər/ (Show IPA),
1884–1967, U.S. biochemist, born in Poland: discovered thiamine, the first vitamin isolated.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for casimir funk

funk1

/fʌŋk/
noun
1.
Also called blue funk. a state of nervousness, fear, or depression (esp in the phrase in a funk)
2.
a coward
verb
3.
to flinch from (responsibility) through fear
4.
(transitive; usually passive) to make afraid
Derived Forms
funker, noun
Word Origin
C18: university slang, perhaps related to funk²

funk2

/fʌŋk/
noun
1.
(US, slang) a strong foul odour
Word Origin
C17 (in the sense: tobacco smoke): from funk (vb) to smoke (tobacco), probably of French dialect origin; compare Old French funkier to smoke, from Latin fūmigāre

funk3

/fʌŋk/
noun
1.
(informal) a type of polyrhythmic Black dance music with heavy syncopation
Word Origin
C20: back formation from funky1

Funk

/fʌŋk/
noun
1.
Casimir (ˈkæzɪˌmɪə). 1884–1967, US biochemist, born in Poland: studied and named vitamins
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for casimir funk
funk
"depression, ill-humor," 1743, probably originally Scottish and northern English, earlier as a verb, "panic, fail through panic," (1737), said to be 17c. Oxford University slang, perhaps from Flem. fonck "perturbation, agitation, distress," possibly related to O.Fr. funicle "wild, mad."
funk
"bad smell," 1620s, from dialectal Fr. funkière "smoke," from O.Fr. fungier "give off smoke," from L. fumigare "to smoke." In reference to a style of music, it is first attested 1959, a back formation from funky.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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casimir funk in Medicine

Funk (fŭngk, fōōngk), Casimir. 1884-1967.

Polish-born American biochemist whose research of deficiency diseases led to the discovery of vitamins, which he named in 1912.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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casimir funk in Science
Funk
  (fŭngk, fngk)   
Polish-born American biochemist who is credited with the discovery of vitamins. In 1912 he postulated the existence of four organic bases he called vitamines which were necessary for normal health and the prevention of deficiency diseases. He also contributed to the knowledge of the hormones of the pituitary gland and the sex glands.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for casimir funk

funk 1

noun

Depression; moroseness; the BLUES: This levelheaded man of logic, however, is also a creature of moods and funks/ You guys are in a funk (1743+)

verb

To fail through panic; be frightened to immobility •Chiefly British: She would have won, but suddenly funked (1737+)

Related Terms

blue funk, in a funk

[perhaps fr Flemish fonck, ''perturbation'']


funk 2

noun

A style of urban lack musi that relies heavily on bass guitar and exhibits elements like African rhythms, the blues, early rock and roll, jazz, etc: There is no denying the influence of Instant Funk/ the Minister of Super Heavy Funk, the legendary James Brown/ He is New Orleans ''fonk''

verb

To play or move to an urban lack musi that features a dominant bass guitar: I think it's all right to funk all night

[1950s+ Musicians; fr funky]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Encyclopedia Article for casimir funk

funk

rhythm-driven musical genre popular in the 1970s and early 1980s that linked soul to later African-American musical styles. Like many words emanating from the African-American oral tradition, funk defies literal definition, for its usage varies with circumstance. As a slang term, funky is used to describe one's odour, unpredictable style, or attitude. Musically, funk refers to a style of aggressive urban dance music driven by hard syncopated bass lines and drumbeats and accented by any number of instruments involved in rhythmic counterplay, all working toward a "groove."

Learn more about funk with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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