verb (used with object), castigated, castigating.
to criticize or reprimand severely.
to punish in order to correct.

1600–10; < Latin castīgātus literally, driven to be faultless (past participle of castigāre to chasten), equivalent to cast(us) pure, chaste + -īg-, combining form of agere to drive, incite + -ātus -ate1

castigation, noun
castigative, castigatory [kas-ti-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
castigator, noun
noncastigating, adjective
noncastigation, noun
self-castigating, adjective
self-castigation, noun
uncastigated, adjective
uncastigative, adjective

1. scold, reprove. 2. discipline, chastise, chasten. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
castigate (ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt)
(tr) to rebuke or criticize in a severe manner; chastise
[C17: from Latin castīgāre to correct, punish, from castum pure + agere to compel (to be)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1607, from L. castigatus pp. of castigare "to purify, chastise," from castus "pure" (see caste) + agere "to do." Sense of "make someone pure by correcting or reproving him."
"If thou didst put this soure cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well." [Shakespeare, "Timon" IV.iii (1607)]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Journalistic conventions generally mitigate against directly castigating average people for their poor choice of leaders.
Even when he was castigating himself for profligate spending, he was compiling long shopping lists of articles de luxe.
Nor did the irony of a columnist who expresses opinions for a living castigating colleagues for expressing theirs go unremarked.
Seldom does one see such direct castigating terms from the court as noted here.
Related Words
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