catholicos

catholicos

[kuh-thol-i-kuhs, -kos]
noun, plural catholicoses, catholicoi [kuh-thol-i-koi] .
1.
(often initial capital letter) Eastern Church.
a.
any of the heads of certain autocephalous churches.
b.
(in some autocephalous churches) a primate subject to a patriarch and having authority over metropolitans.
2.
(in the early Christian church) the head of monasteries in the same city.


Origin:
1615–25; < Late Greek katholikós, noun use of Greek adj.; see catholic

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World English Dictionary
Catholicos (kəˈθɒlɪkɒs)
 
n
the patriarch of the Armenian Church
 
[C17: from Greek katholikos; see catholic]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

catholicos

("universal" bishop), in Eastern Christian Churches, title of certain ecclesiastical superiors. In earlier times the designation had occasionally been used, like archimandrite and exarch, for a superior abbot; but the title eventually came to denote a bishop who, while head of a major church, was still in some way dependent on his patriarch. The titles catholicos and patriarch later became synonymous and were both applied to the heads of the Armenian, Nestorian (Assyrian), and Georgian churches. In the Armenian Church there are two catholicoi: the supreme catholicos of Ejmiadzin and the catholicos of Sis. The title catholicos patriarch is also used by the primates of the Armenian Catholic Church and the Chaldean Church

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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