[kaw-deel-yoh, -dee-oh; Spanish kou-thee-lyaw, -thee-yaw]
noun, plural caudillos [kaw-deel-yohz, -dee-ohz; Spanish kaw-thee-lyaws, -thee-yaws] .
(in Spanish-speaking countries) a head of state, especially a military dictator.

1850–55; < Spanish < Late Latin capitellum, equivalent to Latin capit- (stem of caput) head + -ellum diminutive suffix; see -elle Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
caudillo (kɔːˈdiːljəʊ, Spanish kauˈðiʎo)
n , pl -los
(in Spanish-speaking countries) a military or political leader
[Spanish, from Late Latin capitellum, diminutive of Latin caput head]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

dictator in Spain or Latin America, 1852, from Sp. caudillo "leader, chief," from L.L. capitellum, dim. of caput "head" (see head).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Caudillos
These caudillos were not always welcome, but they were not publicly condemned either.
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