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celt

[selt] /sɛlt/
noun, Archaeology
1.
an ax of stone or metal without perforations or grooves, for hafting.
Origin
1705-1715
1705-15; < Late Latin *celtis chisel, found only in the ablative case celte (Vulgate, Job XIX, 24)

Celt

[kelt, selt] /kɛlt, sɛlt/
noun
1.
a member of an Indo-European people now represented chiefly by the Irish, Gaels, Welsh, and Bretons.
Also, Kelt.
Origin
1695-1705; < Latin Celtae (plural); in Greek Keltoí (plural)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for celts
  • Stone celts were common and the bow and arrow developed as the main mode of weaponry.
  • Axes and celts were used to work with wood products.
  • The ground stone tools include axes, celts, atlatl weights and pestles.
British Dictionary definitions for celts

celt

/sɛlt/
noun
1.
(archaeol) a stone or metal axelike instrument with a bevelled edge
Word Origin
C18: from Late Latin celtes chisel, of obscure origin

Celt

/kɛlt; sɛlt/
noun
1.
a person who speaks a Celtic language
2.
a member of an Indo-European people who in pre-Roman times inhabited Britain, Gaul, Spain, and other parts of W and central Europe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for celts

celt

n.

"stone chisel," 1715, from a Latin ghost word (apparently a misprint of certe) in Job xix:24 in Vulgate: "stylo ferreo, et plumbi lamina, vel celte sculpantur in silice;" translated, probably correctly, in KJV as, "That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever." But assumed by others to be a genuine carving tool, partly because it was in the Bible, and thereafter adapted by archaeologists as a name for a class of prehistoric implements.

Celt

n.

also Kelt, c.1600, from Latin Celta, singular of Celtae, from Greek Keltoi, Herodotus' word for the Gauls (who also were called Galatai). Used by the Romans of continental Gauls but apparently not of the British Celtic tribes. Originally in English in reference to ancient peoples; extention to their modern descendants is from mid-19c., from French usage.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for celts

celt

characteristic New Stone Age tool, a polished stone ax or adz head designed for attachment to a wooden shaft and probably mainly used for felling trees or shaping wood. Great numbers of celts have been discovered in sites in the British Isles and Denmark; they were obviously traded widely. Bronze Age tools of similar general design are also called celts.

Learn more about celt with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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7
9
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