Ceylon cinnamon

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the aromatic inner bark of any of several East Indian trees belonging to the genus Cinnamonum, of the laurel family, especially the bark of C. zeylanicum (Ceylon cinnamon) used as a spice, or that of C. loureirii (Saigon cinnamon) used in medicine as a cordial and carminative.
a tree yielding such bark.
any allied or similar tree.
a common culinary spice of dried rolled strips of this bark, often made into a powder.
cassia ( def 1 ).
a yellowish or reddish brown.
(of food) containing or flavored with cinnamon.
reddish-brown or yellowish-brown.

1400–50; < Latin < Late Greek kínnamon < Semitic (compare Hebrew qinnāmōn); replacing late Middle English cinamome < Middle French < Latin cinnamōmum < Greek kinnámōmon < Semitic as above

cinnamoned, adjective
cinnamonic [sin-uh-mon-ik] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cinnamon (ˈsɪnəmən)
1.  a tropical Asian lauraceous tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, having aromatic yellowish-brown bark
2.  the spice obtained from the bark of this tree, used for flavouring food and drink
3.  Saigon cinnamon an E Asian lauraceous tree, Cinnamomum loureirii, the bark of which is used as a cordial and to relieve flatulence
4.  See cassia any of several similar or related trees or their bark
5.  a.  a light yellowish brown
 b.  (as modifier): a cinnamon coat
[C15: from Old French cinnamome, via Latin and Greek, from Hebrew qinnamown]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from Gk. kinnamomon, from Phoenician word akin to Heb. qinnamon. Stripped from the bark of a tree in the avocado family. Ceylon cinnamon, the true cinnamon, is used in Britain, but American cinnamon is almost always from the related cassia tree of Southeast Asia and is stronger and sweeter.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Cinnamon definition

Heb. kinamon, the Cinnamomum zeylanicum of botanists, a tree of the Laurel family, which grows only in India on the Malabar coast, in Ceylon, and China. There is no trace of it in Egypt, and it was unknown in Syria. The inner rind when dried and rolled into cylinders forms the cinnamon of commerce. The fruit and coarser pieces of bark when boiled yield a fragrant oil. It was one of the principal ingredients in the holy anointing oil (Ex. 30:23). It is mentioned elsewhere only in Prov. 7:17; Cant. 4:14; Rev. 18:13. The mention of it indicates a very early and extensive commerce carried on between Palestine and the East.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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