chant

[chant, chahnt]
noun
1.
a short, simple melody, especially one characterized by single notes to which an indefinite number of syllables are intoned, used in singing psalms, canticles, etc., in church services.
2.
a psalm, canticle, or the like, chanted or for chanting.
3.
the singing or intoning of all or portions of a liturgical service.
4.
any monotonous song.
5.
a song; singing: the chant of a bird.
6.
a monotonous intonation of the voice in speaking.
7.
a phrase, slogan, or the like, repeated rhythmically and insistently, as by a crowd.
verb (used with object)
8.
to sing to a chant, or in the manner of a chant, especially in a church service.
9.
to sing.
10.
to celebrate in song.
11.
to repeat (a phrase, slogan, etc.) rhythmically and insistently.
verb (used without object)
12.
to sing.
13.
to utter a chant.

Origin:
1350–1400; (v.) Middle English chanten < Middle French chanter < Latin cantāre, frequentative of canere to sing; (noun) < French chant < Latin cantus; see canto

chantable, adjective
chantingly, adverb
half-chanted, adjective
unchanted, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
chant (tʃɑːnt)
 
n
1.  a simple song or melody
2.  a short simple melody in which several words or syllables are assigned to one note, as in the recitation of psalms
3.  a psalm or canticle performed by using such a melody
4.  a rhythmic or repetitious slogan, usually spoken or sung, as by sports supporters, etc
5.  monotonous or singsong intonation in speech
 
vb
6.  to sing or recite (a psalm, prayer, etc) as a chant
7.  to intone (a slogan) rhythmically or repetitiously
8.  to speak or say monotonously as if intoning a chant
 
[C14: from Old French chanter to sing, from Latin cantāre, frequentative of canere to sing]
 
'chanting
 
n
 
adj
 
'chantingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chant
late 14c., from O.Fr. chanter, from L. cantare, freq. of canere "sing," from PIE base *kan- "to sing" (cf. Gk. eikanos "cock," O.E. hana "cock," both lit. "bird who sings for sunrise;" O.Ir. caniaid "sings," Welsh canu "sing"). The frequentative quality of the word was no longer felt in L., and by the
time Fr. emerged the word had entirely displaced canere.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chant

the Gregorian chant (q.v.) and, by extension, other similar religious chants. The word derives from the 13th-century Latin term cantus planus ("plain song"), referring to the unmeasured rhythm and monophony (single line of melody) of Gregorian chant, as distinguished from the measured rhythm of polyphonic (multipart) music, called cantus mensuratus, or cantus figuratus ("measured," or "figured," song). Its other main application is to ancient Christian music with the same unmeasured rhythm and monophony-in the West, Ambrosian, Gallican, and Mozarabic chants (qq.v.); in the East, Byzantine, Syrian, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Armenian chants (qq.v.). It may also refer to similar non-Christian religious music, such as Jewish and Hindu chants.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The chant was a faint one, but not so much so as to go undetected.
Something the great unwashed might chant more about is the damage done by
  offshore finance.
They're clapping and doing a call-and-response type of chant.
Tradition and heritage were expressed primarily through chant and dance.
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