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chasten

[chey-suh n] /ˈtʃeɪ sən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise.
2.
to restrain; subdue:
Age has chastened his violent temper.
3.
to make chaste in style.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; chaste + -en1; replacing chaste (v.), Middle English chastien < Old French chastier < Latin castigāre; see castigate
Related forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
chastenment, noun
unchastened, adjective
Synonyms
1. discipline, punish. 2. humble. 3. purify, simplify.
Antonyms
1. indulge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chasteningly

chasten

/ˈtʃeɪsən/
verb (transitive)
1.
to bring to a state of submission; subdue; tame
2.
to discipline or correct by punishment
3.
to moderate; restrain; temper
Derived Forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chasteningly

chasten

v.

1520s, with -en (1) + the word it replaced, obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, c.1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish" (see chastise). Related: Chastened; chastening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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