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chicory

[chik-uh-ree] /ˈtʃɪk ə ri/
noun, plural chicories.
1.
a composite plant, Cichorium intybus, having bright-blue flower heads and toothed oblong leaves, cultivated as a salad plant and for its root, which is used roasted and ground as a substitute for or additive to coffee.
Compare endive (def 2).
2.
the root of this plant.
Also, chiccory.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Middle French chicoree, alteration of earlier cicoree (by influence of Italian cicoria) < Latin cichorēa < Greek kichória, kíchora (neuter plurals); replacing Middle English cicoree < Middle French
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chicories

chicory

/ˈtʃɪkərɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
Also called succory. a blue-flowered plant, Cichorium intybus, cultivated for its leaves, which are used in salads, and for its roots: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.
the root of this plant, roasted, dried, and used as a coffee substitute
Compare endive
Word Origin
C15: from Old French chicorée, from Latin cichorium, from Greek kikhōrion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chicories

chicory

n.

late 14c., cicoree (modern form from mid-15c.), from Middle French cichorée "endive, chicory" (15c., Modern French chicorée), from Latin cichoreum, from Greek kikhorion (plural kikhoreia) "endive," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a connection with Old Egyptian keksher. The modern English form is from French influence.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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