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city, Tokyo to (metropolis), Honshu, Japan. It is bordered by Tokyo city (east) and the Tama River (south). During the Tokugawa period (1603-1867), Chofu was a post town on the Koshu Highway. After its connection to Tokyo by railway in the early 1920s, industrialization progressed rapidly. Chofu's products now include machinery, electrical equipment, chemicals, and foods. Since World War II, Chofu has become a residential suburb of the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area. The Jindai ("Age of the Gods") Temple in the northern part of the city was built in 733. Chofu has a racetrack and an amusement park. Pop. (2005) 216,119.