chop

1 [chop]
verb (used with object), chopped, chopping.
1.
to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often followed by down, off, etc.): to chop down a tree.
2.
to make or prepare for use by so cutting: to chop logs.
3.
to cut in pieces; mince (often followed by up ): to chop up an onion; to chop meat.
4.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to hit (a ball) with a chop stroke.
5.
to weed and thin out (growing cotton) with a hoe.
6.
Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to attack and kill (a fox that has not begun to run).
verb (used without object), chopped, chopping.
7.
to make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, as with an ax.
8.
Boxing. to throw or deliver a short blow, especially a downward one while in a clinch.
9.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to employ or deliver a chop stroke.
10.
to go, come, or move suddenly or violently.
noun
11.
an act or instance of chopping.
12.
a cutting blow.
13.
Boxing. a short blow, especially a downward one, executed while in a clinch.
14.
a piece chopped off.
15.
an individual cut or portion of meat, as mutton, lamb, veal, or pork, usually one containing a rib.
16.
crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.
17.
a short, irregular, broken motion of waves; choppiness: There's too much chop for rowing today.
18.
rough, turbulent water, as of a sea or lake.
Idioms
20.
chop/cut down to size. cut ( def 89 ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1


1. See cut.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

chop

2 [chop]
verb (used without object), chopped, chopping.
1.
to turn, shift, or change suddenly: The wind chopped to the west.
2.
to vacillate; change one's mind.
3.
Obsolete.
a.
to barter.
b.
to bandy words; argue.
Idioms
4.
chop logic, to reason or dispute argumentatively; draw unnecessary distinctions.

Origin:
1425–75; variant of obsolete chap barter, Middle English chappen (with vowel as in chapman), chepen, Old English cēapian to trade (derivative of cēap sale, trade; see cheap)

chop

3 [chop]
noun
1.
Usually, chops. the jaw.
2.
chops.
a.
the oral cavity; mouth.
b.
Slang. the embouchure or technique necessary to play a wind instrument.
c.
Slang. musical ability on any instrument, especially in playing jazz or rock; technical virtuosity.
d.
Slang. the music or musical part played by an instrumentalist, especially a solo passage.
3.
an entranceway, as into a body of water.
4.
Horology. either of two pieces clasping the end of the suspension spring of a pendulum.
Idioms
5.
bust one's chops, Slang. to exert oneself.
6.
bust someone's chops, Slang. to annoy with nagging or criticism: Stop busting my chops—I'll get the job done.
7.
lick one's chops, to await with pleasure; anticipate; relish: He was already licking his chops over the expected inheritance.
Also, chap.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English; perhaps special use of chop1

chop

4 [chop]
noun
1.
an official stamp or seal, or a permit or clearance, especially as formerly used in India and China.
2.
a design, corresponding to a brand or trademark, stamped on goods to indicate their identity or quality.
3.
the signature stamp of an artist, printmaker, etc., testifying to the authenticity of a work.
4.
quality, class, or grade: a musician of the first chop.

Origin:
1605–15; < Hindi chāp impression, stamp

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
chop1 (tʃɒp)
 
vb (often foll by down or off) (often foll by up) , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
2.  (tr) to produce or make in this manner: to chop firewood
3.  to cut into pieces
4.  informal (Brit) (tr) to dispense with or reduce
5.  (intr) to move quickly or violently
6.  sport to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
7.  boxing, martial arts to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
8.  (W African) an informal word for eat
 
n
9.  a cutting blow
10.  the act or an instance of chopping
11.  a piece chopped off
12.  a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
13.  slang (Austral), (NZ) a share (esp in the phrase getorhop in for one's chop)
14.  (W African) an informal word for food
15.  (Austral), (NZ) a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
16.  sport a sharp downward blow or stroke
17.  informal (Austral), (NZ) not much chop not much good; poor
18.  slang the chop dismissal from employment
 
[C16: variant of chap1]

chop2 (tʃɒp)
 
vb , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  (intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
2.  obsolete to barter
3.  chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument
 
[Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman]

chop3 (tʃɒp)
 
n
a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East
 
[C17: from Hindi chhāp]

chops (tʃɒps)
 
pl n
1.  the jaws or cheeks; jowls
2.  the mouth
3.  slang
 a.  music embouchure
 b.  jazz skill
4.  informal lick one's chops to anticipate with pleasure
 
[C16: of uncertain origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chop
"to cut," mid-14c., perhaps from O.Fr. (Picard) choper, from O.Fr. coper "to cut off," from V.L. *cuppare "to decapitate," infl. by couper "to strike." Meaning "slice of meat" is c.1640; hence, chop-house (1680s).

chop
"shift," O.E. ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap), here with a sense of "changing back and forth."

chops
"jaws, sides of the face," 1505, variant of chaps, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

chops

see break one's ass (chops); lick one's chops.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
The extraordinary effort, he says, was triggered by a music teacher who
  suggested that he didn't have the chops for it.
These eight ribs are cut into chops and are known as rib chops.
On the edges of a sheep farm, a coyote lurks, licking his chops.
Barbecued pork sausage is the specialty here, though you'll find chops and
  brisket as well.
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