coalition

[koh-uh-lish-uhn]
noun
1.
a combination or alliance, especially a temporary one between persons, factions, states, etc.
2.
a union into one body or mass; fusion.

Origin:
1605–15; < Latin coalitiōn- (stem of coalitiō), equivalent to coalit(us), past participle of coalēscere (co- co- + ali-, past participle stem of alere to nourish + -tus past participle suffix) + -iōn- -ion; see coalesce

coalitional, adjective
coalitioner, noun


1. partnership; league.
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World English Dictionary
coalition (ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃən)
 
n
1.  a.  an alliance or union between groups, factions, or parties, esp for some temporary and specific reason
 b.  (as modifier): a coalition government
2.  a fusion or merging into one body or mass
 
[C17: from Medieval Latin coalitiō, from Latin coalēscere to coalesce]
 
coa'litional
 
adj
 
coa'litionist
 
n
 
coa'litioner
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

coalition
1612, "the growing together of parts," from Fr. coalition, from L.L. coalitus "fellowship," originally pp. of L. coalescere (see coalesce). First used in a political sense 1715.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

coalition definition


An alliance of political groups formed to oppose a common foe or pursue a common goal.

Note: In countries with many political parties, none of which can get a majority of the citizens' votes, the only way an effective government can be formed is by a coalition of parties. Such coalitions are often unstable.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Because bonobo females can travel together, this gives them power in the sense
  that they can form coalitions against males.
They team up to form coalitions to overthrow their foes, but they also
  reconcile after a fight.
Males, meanwhile, form coalitions of siblings that hunt together and may remain
  together for life.
What emerged were ruling coalitions of the army and various secular nationalist
  movements.
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