follow Dictionary.com

Fiancé or fiancée? What's the difference?

cognizance

[kog-nuh-zuh ns, kon-uh-] /ˈkɒg nə zəns, ˈkɒn ə-/
noun
1.
awareness, realization, or knowledge; notice; perception:
The guests took cognizance of the snide remark.
2.
Law.
  1. judicial notice as taken by a court in dealing with a cause.
  2. the right of taking jurisdiction, as possessed by a court.
  3. acknowledgment; admission, as a plea admitting the fact alleged in the declaration.
3.
the range or scope of knowledge, observation, etc.:
Such understanding is beyond his cognizance.
4.
Heraldry. a device by which a person or a person's servants or property can be recognized; badge.
Origin of cognizance
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English conisa(u)nce < Middle French con(o)is(s)ance, equivalent to conois(tre) to know (< Latin cognōscere; see cognition) + -ance -ance; forms with -g- (< Latin) from the 16th century
Related forms
noncognizance, noun
self-cognizance, noun
Synonyms
1. note, heed, attention, regard, scrutiny.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for cognizance

cognizance

/ˈkɒɡnɪzəns; ˈkɒnɪ-/
noun
1.
knowledge; acknowledgment
2.
take cognizance of, to take notice of; acknowledge, esp officially
3.
the range or scope of knowledge or perception
4.
(law)
  1. the right of a court to hear and determine a cause or matter
  2. knowledge of certain facts upon which the court must act without requiring proof
  3. (mainly US) confession
5.
(heraldry) a distinguishing badge or bearing
Word Origin
C14: from Old French conoissance, from conoistre to know, from Latin cognōscere to learn; see cognition
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for cognizance
n.

mid-14c., from Anglo-French conysance "recognition," later, "knowledge," from Old French conoissance "acquaintance, recognition; knowledge, wisdom" (Modern French connaissance), from past participle of conoistre "to know," from Latin cognoscere "to get to know, recognize," from com- "together" (see co-) + gnoscere "to know" (see notice (n.)). The -g- was restored in English spelling 15c. and has gradually affected the pronunciation, which was always "con-." The old pronunciation lingered longest in legal use.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for cognizance

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for cognizance

24
29
Scrabble Words With Friends