collect

1 [kuh-lekt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to gather together; assemble: The professor collected the students' exams.
2.
to accumulate; make a collection of: to collect stamps.
3.
to receive or compel payment of: to collect a bill.
4.
to regain control of (oneself or one's thoughts, faculties, composure, or the like): At the news of her promotion, she took a few minutes to collect herself.
5.
to call for and take with one: He drove off to collect his guests. They collected their mail.
6.
Manège. to bring (a horse) into a collected attitude.
7.
Archaic. to infer.
verb (used without object)
8.
to gather together; assemble: The students collected in the assembly hall.
9.
to accumulate: Rain water collected in the barrel.
10.
to receive payment (often followed by on ): He collected on the damage to his house.
11.
to gather or bring together books, stamps, coins, etc., usually as a hobby: He's been collecting for years.
12.
Manège. (of a horse) to come into a collected attitude.
adjective, adverb
13.
requiring payment by the recipient: a collect telephone call; a telegram sent collect.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin collēctus (past participle of colligere to collect), equivalent to col- col-1 + leg- (stem of legere to gather) + -tus past participle suffix


1. See gather. 1, 2. amass, aggregate. 4. compose, calm.


1. broadcast. 2. distribute.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
collect1 (kəˈlɛkt)
 
vb (sometimes foll by on)
1.  to gather together or be gathered together
2.  to accumulate (stamps, books, etc) as a hobby or for study
3.  (tr) to call for or receive payment of (taxes, dues, etc)
4.  (tr) to regain control of (oneself, one's emotions, etc) as after a shock or surprise: he collected his wits
5.  (tr) to fetch; pick up: collect your own post; he collected the children after school
6.  slang to receive large sums of money, as from an investment: he really collected when the will was read
7.  informal (Austral), (NZ) (tr) to collide with; be hit by
8.  collect on delivery the US term for cash on delivery
 
adv, —adj
9.  (US) (of telephone calls) on a reverse-charge basis
 
n
10.  informal (Austral) a winning bet
 
[C16: from Latin collēctus collected, from colligere to gather together, from com- together + legere to gather]

collect2 (ˈkɒlɛkt)
 
n
Christianity a short Church prayer generally preceding the lesson or epistle in Communion and other services
 
[C13: from Medieval Latin collecta (from the phrase ōrātiō ad collēctam prayer at the (people's) assembly), from Latin colligere to collect1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

collect
1573 (trans.), from O.Fr. collecter (1371), from L. collectus, pp. of colligere "gather together," from com- "together" + legere "to gather." The intrans. sense is attested from 1794. As an adj. meaning "paid by the recipient" it is attested from 1893, originally with ref. to telegrams.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Water bubbles from the top, pumped up from a collecting basin at the base.
Metal is also good for collecting rainwater to reuse in the landscape.
Anyone with an interest in collecting will find this to be an interesting and
  unpredictable hour.
If the department is collecting them simply as a formality, it's a fraud.
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