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complain

[kuh m-pleyn] /kəmˈpleɪn/
verb (used without object)
1.
to express dissatisfaction, pain, uneasiness, censure, resentment, or grief; find fault:
He complained constantly about the noise in the corridor.
2.
to tell of one's pains, ailments, etc.:
to complain of a backache.
3.
to make a formal accusation:
If you think you've been swindled, complain to the police.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English compleinen < Anglo-French compleign-, stem of compleindre, Old French complaindre < Vulgar Latin *complangere, equivalent to Latin com- com- + plangere to lament; see plaint
Related forms
complainable, adjective
complainer, noun
complainingly, adverb
uncomplained, adjective
uncomplaining, adjective
uncomplainingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. Complain, grumble, growl, whine are terms for expressing dissatisfaction or discomfort. To complain is to protest against or lament a wrong: to complain about high prices. To grumble is to utter ill-natured complaints half to oneself: to grumble about the service. Growl may express more anger than grumble : to growl in reply to a question. To whine is to complain in a meanspirited way, using a nasal tone: to whine like a coward, like a spoiled child.
Antonyms
1. rejoice.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for complains
  • Most of the real complaints that people have about any given profession aren't really complains about the profession.
  • He there complains, also, of the decay of scholastic education and ridicules ignorant and pedantic philologists.
  • Badness of memory every one complains of, but nobody of the want of judgment.
  • Whenever the pressure procedure is started the patient usually complains of headache.
  • The spotted hawk swoops by and accuses me-he complains of my gab and my loitering.
  • She now no longer complains of carsickness with anyone.
  • Every other country complains about your bank-secrecy laws.
  • Worse, it complains that directors have grown fat by guzzling corporate cream that should be spread more widely.
  • Yet, he complains, the government has done nothing to stop it.
  • The post office complains that it cannot recruit new postmen.
British Dictionary definitions for complains

complain

/kəmˈpleɪn/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to express resentment, displeasure, etc, esp habitually; grumble
2.
(foll by of) to state the presence of pain, illness, etc, esp in the hope of sympathy: she complained of a headache
Derived Forms
complainer, noun
complainingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French complaindre, from Vulgar Latin complangere (unattested), from Latin com- (intensive) + plangere to bewail
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for complains

complain

v.

late 14c., "find fault, lament," from stem of Old French complaindre "to lament" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *complangere, originally "to beat the breast," from Latin com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + plangere "to strike, beat the breast" (see plague (n.)). Older sense of "lament" died out 17c. Related: Complained; complaining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with complains

complain

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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