coroner

[kawr-uh-ner, kor-]
noun
an officer, as of a county or municipality, whose chief function is to investigate by inquest, as before a jury, any death not clearly resulting from natural causes.

Origin:
1225–75; Middle English < Anglo-French corouner supervisor of the Crown's pleas, equivalent to coroune crown + -er -er2

coronership, noun
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World English Dictionary
coroner (ˈkɒrənə)
 
n
See also procurator fiscal Compare medical examiner a public official responsible for the investigation of violent, sudden, or suspicious deaths and inquiries into treasure trove. The investigation (coroner's inquest) is held in the presence of a jury (coroner's jury)
 
[C14: from Anglo-French corouner officer in charge of the pleas of the Crown, from Old French coronecrown]
 
'coronership
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

coroner
1194, from Anglo-Fr. curuner, from L. custos placitorum coronæ, originally officer with the duty of protecting the property of the royal family, from L. corona "crown." Present duties established by 17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

coroner cor·o·ner (kôr'ə-nər)
n.
A public officer whose primary function is to investigate by inquest any death thought to be of other than natural causes.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
One reason is that its coroner keeps more meticulous records than others.
The coroner said that he probably climbed up a wall and threw himself through the noose.
On the basis of the investigation, the coroner decides whether an inquest is appropriate.
The county coroner told the newspaper that the professor had died of natural
  causes.
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