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criterion

[krahy-teer-ee-uh n] /kraɪˈtɪər i ən/
noun, plural criteria
[krahy-teer-ee-uh] /kraɪˈtɪər i ə/ (Show IPA),
criterions.
1.
a standard of judgment or criticism; a rule or principle for evaluating or testing something.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Greek kritḗrion a standard, equivalent to kri- variant stem of krī́nein to separate, decide + -tērion neuter suffix of means (akin to Latin -tōrium -tory2)
Related forms
criterial, adjective
Can be confused
criteria, criterion (see usage note at the current entry)
Synonyms
measure, touchstone, yardstick. See standard.
Usage note
Like some other nouns borrowed from the Greek, criterion has both a Greek plural, criteria, and a plural formed on the English pattern, criterions. The plural in -a occurs with far greater frequency than does the -s plural: These are the criteria for the selection of candidates. Although criteria is sometimes used as a singular, most often in speech and only infrequently in edited prose, in standard English, it is more clearly used as a plural with criterion as the singular.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for criteria
  • Participants draw up their own criteria, and selections can be made based on anything from unique attributes to odd names.
  • Six patients improved so much they no longer met the criteria for legal blindness.
  • The difference has to do with the lab tests and concentration criteria that are used-neither of which is standardized.
  • Fifty students, or about a fifth of those surveyed, met the authors' criteria for addiction to indoor tanning.
  • Also, another criteria for a miracle should be that it is good, or that it saves someone's life in some weird way.
  • In an effort to quantify the design criteria for such a device is, in and of itself a noteworthy task.
  • While not ideal, there is one criteria that seems to identify a high percentage of visual dyslexics.
  • All of the other criteria being brought up make for different questions.
  • Name aside, the selection criteria remain unaltered.
  • The websites has a search that lets you choose from a number of criteria including whether the project is suitable for children.
British Dictionary definitions for criteria

criterion

/kraɪˈtɪərɪən/
noun (pl) -ria (-rɪə), -rions
1.
a standard by which something can be judged or decided
2.
(philosophy) a defining characteristic of something
Usage note
Criteria, the plural of criterion, is not acceptable as a singular noun: this criterion is not valid; these criteria are not valid
Word Origin
C17: from Greek kritērion from kritēs judge, from krinein to decide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for criteria
n.

1620s, plural of criterion (q.v.).

criterion

n.

1660s, from Latinized form of Greek kriterion "means for judging, standard," from krites "judge," from PIE root *krei- (see crisis). Used in English as a Greek word from 1610s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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