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Dalmatian

[dal-mey-shuh n] /dælˈmeɪ ʃən/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Dalmatia or its people.
noun
2.
an inhabitant of Dalmatia, especially a member of the native Slavic-speaking people of Dalmatia.
3.
Also called coach dog, Dalmatian dog. one of a breed of short-haired dogs having a white coat marked with black or brown spots.
4.
a Romance language of Dalmatia, extinct since 1898.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; Dalmati(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Dalmatian

Dalmatian

/dælˈmeɪʃən/
noun
1.
Also called (esp formerly) carriage dog, coach dog. a large breed of dog having a short smooth white coat with black or (in liver-spotted dalmatians) brown spots
2.
a native or inhabitant of Dalmatia
adjective
3.
of or relating to Dalmatia or its inhabitants
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Dalmatian

1810, spotted dog, presumably named for Dalmatia, but dog breeders argue over whether there is a Croatian ancestry for the breed, which seems to be represented in Egyptian bas-reliefs and Hellenic friezes. Popular in early 1800s as a carriage dog, to trot alongside carriages and guard them in owner's absence. Even fire departments nowadays tend to spell it *Dalmation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
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