town, northern Bihar state, northeastern India. It is situated just to the east of the Baghmati River, a tributary of the Ganges. The town was the capital of the Darbhanga raj, an estate established in the 16th century, and contains the Anandbagh palace. It was constituted a municipality in 1864. Darbhanga is the seat of Kameshwara Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University (1961), which is located on the grounds of the palace. There is also a museum containing archaeological materials as well as historical and handicraft exhibits.
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