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darkness

[dahrk-nis] /ˈdɑrk nɪs/
noun
1.
the state or quality of being dark:
The room was in total darkness.
2.
absence or deficiency of light:
the darkness of night.
3.
wickedness or evil:
Satan, the prince of darkness.
4.
obscurity; concealment:
The darkness of the metaphor destroyed its effectiveness.
5.
lack of knowledge or enlightenment:
heathen darkness.
6.
lack of sight; blindness.
Origin
1050
before 1050; Middle English derknesse, Old English deorcnysse. See dark, -ness
Related forms
predarkness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for darknesses

darkness

n.

Old English deorcnysse, from dark + -ness. Figurative use is recorded from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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darknesses in the Bible

The plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Ex. 10:21) is described as darkness "which may be felt." It covered "all the land of Egypt," so that "they saw not one another." It did not extend to the land of Goshen (ver. 23). When Jesus hung upon the cross (Matt. 27:45; Luke 23:44), from the "sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour." On Mount Sinai, Moses (Ex. 20:21) "drew near unto the thick darkness where God was." This was the "thick cloud upon the mount" in which Jehovah was when he spake unto Moses there. The Lord dwelt in the cloud upon the mercy-seat (1 Kings 8:12), the cloud of glory. When the psalmist (Ps. 97:2) describes the inscrutable nature of God's workings among the sons of men, he says, "Clouds and darkness are round about him." God dwells in thick darkness. Darkness (Isa. 13:9, 10; Matt. 24:29) also is a symbol of the judgments that attend on the coming of the Lord. It is a symbol of misery and adversity (Job 18:6; Ps. 107:10; Isa. 8:22; Ezek. 30:18). The "day of darkness" in Joel 2:2, caused by clouds of locusts, is a symbol of the obscurity which overhangs all divine proceedings. "Works of darkness" are impure actions (Eph. 5:11). "Outer darkness" refers to the darkness of the streets in the East, which are never lighted up by any public or private lamps after nightfall, in contrast with the blaze of cheerful light in the house. It is also a symbol of ignorance (Isa. 9:2; 60:2; Matt. 6:23) and of death (Job 10:21; 17:13).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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15
16
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