DATIVAL

dative

[dey-tiv] Grammar.
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages, as Latin, Greek, and German) noting a case having as a distinctive function indication of the indirect object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
noun
2.
the dative case.
3.
a word or form in that case, as Latin regi in regi haec dicite meaning “tell this to the king.”

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English datif < Latin datīvus (casus) dative (case), equivalent to dat(us) given (see date1) + -īvus -ive; translation of Greek dotikḗ (ptôsis)

datival [dey-tahy-vuhl] , adjective
datively, adverb
nondatival, adjective
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World English Dictionary
dative (ˈdeɪtɪv)
 
adj
1.  denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives used to express the indirect object, to identify the recipients, and for other purposes
 
n
2.  a.  the dative case
 b.  a word or speech element in this case
 
[C15: from Latin datīvus, from dare to give; translation of Greek dotikos]
 
datival
 
adj
 
'datively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

dative
mid-15c., from L. dativus "pertaining to giving," from datus "given," in grammatical use from Gk. dotike (ptosis), from dotikos "of giving nature," from dotos "given," from PIE base *do- "to give" (see date (1)). In law, "that may be disposed of at pleasure," from 1530s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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