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degrade

[dih-greyd or for 3, dee-greyd] /dɪˈgreɪd or for 3, diˈgreɪd/
verb (used with object), degraded, degrading.
1.
to lower in dignity or estimation; bring into contempt:
He felt they were degrading him by making him report to the supervisor.
2.
to lower in character or quality; debase.
3.
to reduce (someone) to a lower rank, degree, etc.; deprive of office, rank, status, or title, especially as a punishment:
degraded from director to assistant director.
4.
to reduce in amount, strength, intensity, etc.
5.
Physical Geography. to wear down by erosion, as hills.
Compare aggrade.
6.
Chemistry. to break down (a compound, especially an organic hydrocarbon).
verb (used without object), degraded, degrading.
7.
to become degraded; weaken or worsen; deteriorate.
8.
Chemistry. (especially of an organic hydrocarbon compound) to break down or decompose.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English degraden < Late Latin dēgradāre, equivalent to Latin dē- de- + grad(us) grade + -āre infinitive suffix
Related forms
degrader, noun
Synonyms
1. disgrace, dishonor, discredit. See humble. 2. abase, vitiate. 3. demote, depose, downgrade, lower, cashier, break.
Antonyms
1, 2. exalt. 3. promote.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for de grade

degrade

/dɪˈɡreɪd/
verb
1.
(transitive) to reduce in worth, character, etc; disgrace; dishonour
2.
(transitive) (diːˈɡreɪd). to reduce in rank, status, or degree; remove from office; demote
3.
(transitive) to reduce in strength, quality, intensity, etc
4.
to reduce or be reduced by erosion or down-cutting, as a land surface or bed of a river Compare aggrade
5.
(chem) to decompose or be decomposed into atoms or smaller molecules
Derived Forms
degrader, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin dēgradāre, from Latin de- + gradus rank, degree
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for de grade

degrade

v.

late 14c., from Old French degrader (12c.) "degrade, deprive (of office, rank, etc.)," from des- "down" (see dis-) + Latin gradus "step" (see grade (n.)). Related: Degraded; degrading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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3
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