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decrease

[v. dih-krees; n. dee-krees, dih-krees] /v. dɪˈkris; n. ˈdi kris, dɪˈkris/
verb (used without object), decreased, decreasing.
1.
to diminish or lessen in extent, quantity, strength, power, etc.:
During the ten-day march across the desert their supply of water decreased rapidly.
verb (used with object), decreased, decreasing.
2.
to make less; cause to diminish:
to decrease one's work load.
noun
3.
the act or process of decreasing; condition of being decreased; gradual reduction:
a decrease in sales; a decrease in intensity.
4.
the amount by which a thing is lessened:
The decrease in sales was almost 20 percent.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English decres (noun), decresen (v.) < Old French decreiss-, long stem of decreistre < Latin dēcrēscere (dē- de- + crēscere to grow); see crescent
Related forms
undecreased, adjective
Synonyms
1. wane, lessen, fall off, decline, contract, abate. Decrease, diminish, dwindle, shrink imply becoming smaller or less in amount. Decrease commonly implies a sustained reduction in stages, especially of bulk, size, volume, or quantity, often from some imperceptible cause or inherent process: The swelling decreased daily. Diminish usually implies the action of some external cause that keeps taking away: Disease caused the number of troops to diminish steadily. Dwindle implies an undesirable reduction by degrees, resulting in attenuation: His followers dwindled to a mere handful. Shrink especially implies contraction through an inherent property under specific conditions: Many fabrics shrink in hot water. 3. abatement, decline, subsidence, shrinking, dwindling, ebbing.
Antonyms
1. increase, expand.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for decreased
  • Underneath us, the rocks got looser and the amount of vegetation decreased.
  • So that's the start of what happens when we're not going out into nature: access to public green spaces will be decreased.
  • If the revenues are to remain as now, the only relief that can come must be from decreased expenditures.
  • Towards the close of the century children's magazines greatly decreased in number.
  • As his brain cancer progressed, his cognitive functioning decreased, and he couldn't gather his thoughts.
  • The number of transactions decreased and the exchange rate plummeted.
  • On the one hand, the quality has decreased monstrously.
  • Where the debt burden decreased, the terms are colored green.
  • Migraine headaches are a source of pain, loss of work, and decreased quality of life for a significant number of people.
  • It decreased photosynthetic processes in phytoplankton and they could no longer produce enough oxygen for fish to breathe.
British Dictionary definitions for decreased

decrease

verb (dɪˈkriːs)
1.
to diminish or cause to diminish in size, number, strength, etc
noun (ˈdiːkriːs; dɪˈkriːs)
2.
the act or process of diminishing; reduction
3.
the amount by which something has been diminished
Derived Forms
decreasing, adjective
decreasingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French descreistre, from Latin dēcrescere to grow less, from de- + crescere to grow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for decreased
decrease
late 14c., from O.Fr. pp. stem of descreistre, from L. decrescere, from de- "away from" + crescere "to grow" (see crescent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
14
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