diaeresis

diaeresis

[dahy-er-uh-sis]
noun, plural diaereses [dahy-er-uh-seez] .

diaeretic [dahy-uh-ret-ik] , adjective
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diaeresis or dieresis (daɪˈɛrɪsɪs)
 
n , pl -ses
1.  the mark ¨, in writing placed over the second of two adjacent vowels to indicate that it is to be pronounced separately rather than forming a diphthong with the first, as in some spellings of coöperate, naïve, etc
2.  Compare umlaut this mark used for any other purpose, such as to indicate that a special pronunciation is appropriate to a particular vowel
3.  a pause in a line of verse occurring when the end of a foot coincides with the end of a word
 
[C17: from Latin diarēsis, from Greek diairesis a division, from diairein, from dia- + hairein to take; compare heresy]
 
dieresis or dieresis (daɪˈɛrɪsɪs, -ˌsiːz)
 
n
 
[C17: from Latin diarēsis, from Greek diairesis a division, from diairein, from dia- + hairein to take; compare heresy]
 
diaeretic or dieresis
 
adj
 
dieretic or dieresis
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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diaeresis

(from Greek diairein, "to divide"), the resolution of one syllable into two, especially by separating the vowel elements of a diphthong and, by extension, two adjacent vowels, as in the word cooperation; it is also the mark placed over a vowel to indicate that it is pronounced as a separate syllable. In classical prosody, diaeresis refers to the end of a word coinciding with the completion of the metrical foot, in contrast to caesura, which refers to a word ending within a metrical foot

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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