Also called nut. Printing. half of the width of an em.
Printing. having the area of an en quad or the length of an en:
en quad; en dash.
a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from French and productive in English on this model, forming verbs with the general sense “to cause (a person or thing) to be in” the place, condition, or state named by the stem; more specifically, “to confine in or place on” (enshrine; enthrone; entomb); “to cause to be in” (enslave; entrust; enrich; encourage; endear); “to restrict” in the manner named by the stem, typically with the additional sense “on all sides, completely” (enwind; encircle; enclose; entwine). This prefix is also attached to verbs in order to make them transitive, or to give them a transitive marker if they are already transitive (enkindle; enliven; enshield; enface).
< Greek (often through L); cognate with in-1, in-2
a suffix formerly used to form transitive and intransitive verbs from adjectives (fasten; harden; sweeten), or from nouns (heighten; lengthen; strengthen).
Middle English,Old English-n- (as in Middle Englishfast-n-en,Old Englishfǣst-n-ian to make fast, fasten); cognate with -n- of like verbs in other Gmc languages (Old Norsefastna)
a suffix used to form adjectives of source or material from nouns:
ashen; golden; oaken.
Middle English,Old English; cognate with Old High German-īn,Gothic-eins,Latin-īnus; see -ine1
a suffix used to mark the past participle in many strong and some weak verbs:
Middle English,Old English; cognate with German-en,Old Norse-inn
a suffix used in forming the plural of some nouns:
brethren; children; oxen.
Middle English;Old English-an, case ending of n-stem nouns, as in naman oblique singular, and nominative and accusative plural of nama name; akin to n-stem forms in other IE languages, as in Latinnōmen, nōmin- name
prefix meaning "cause to be, make" (endear); "put in or on" (encircle); from O.Fr. en-, from L. in- "in, into." Also used as an intensive (enclose). Spelling variants in O.Fr. brought over into M.E. account for parallels such as assure/insure/ensure. Many words beginning with en- in Mod.Eng. are transparent (enforce, etc.) and etymologies can be found in listings for their stems. Words listed here include those whose unprefixed form is not an obvious word in Eng. (encroach) or whose meaning has drifted significantly (engrain).
suffix forming verbs (e.g. darken, weaken), from adjectives or from nouns, from O.E. -nian, from P.Gmc. *-inojan. Mostly active in M.E.
suffix added to nouns to produce adjectives meaning made of, of the nature of (e.g. golden, oaken), corresponding to L. -ine. Common in O.E. and M.E., surviving words with it now are largely discarded in everyday use and the simple form of the noun serves as an adjective as well.