Eisenstadt

Burgenland

[German boor-guhn-lahnt]
noun
a province in E Austria, bordering Hungary. 1530 sq. mi. (3960 sq. km). Capital: Eisenstadt.
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Burgenland (German ˈbʊrɡənˌlant)
 
n
a state of E Austria. Capital: Eisenstadt. Pop: 276 419 (2003 est). Area: 3965 sq km (1531 sq miles)

Eisenstadt (German ˈaizənʃtat)
 
n
a town in E Austria, capital of Burgenland province: Hungarian until 1921. Pop: 11 334 (2001)

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eisenstadt

city, capital (since 1925) of Burgenland Bundesland (federal state), eastern Austria. It lies at the southern end of the Leitha Mountains, south of Vienna. Mentioned in 1264, it was a free city of Hungary from 1648 until Burgenland was ceded to Austria in 1921. Eisenstadt's notable landmarks include the former castle of the Esterhazy princes (14th century; rebuilt 1663-72); the Mount Calvary Church (Kalvarienbergkirche), with the tomb of the composer Joseph Haydn; the house where Haydn lived from 1766 to 1790, now a museum; the parish church (1450-1522); and the Franciscan church (1625-30), with the Esterhazy family vault. The castle of Forchtenstein, former seat of the counts von Mattersdorf, is nearby. Eisenstadt has orchards and vineyards, and its manufactures include textiles, ski equipment, metal kitchenware, and electrical equipment. A considerable portion of the city's labour force works in public administration and services. Eisenstadt also is a regional market centre. Pop. (2006) 12,190.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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