epicurism

Epicureanism

[ep-i-kyoo-ree-uh-niz-uhm, -kyoor-ee-]
noun
1.
the philosophical system or doctrine of Epicurus, holding that the external world is a series of fortuitous combinations of atoms and that the highest good is pleasure, interpreted as freedom from disturbance or pain.
2.
(lowercase) epicurean indulgence or habits.
Also, Epicurism [ep-i-kyoo-riz-uhm, ep-i-kyoor-iz-uhm] .


Origin:
1745–55; epicurean + -ism

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World English Dictionary
epicure (ˈɛpɪˌkjʊə)
 
n
1.  a person who cultivates a discriminating palate for the enjoyment of good food and drink; gourmet
2.  a person devoted to sensual pleasures
 
[C16: from Medieval Latin epicūrus, after Epicurus; see Epicurean]
 
'epicurism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

epicureanism
1751, with reference to a philosophy; 1847 in a general sense, from epicurean + -ism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Epicureanism [(ep-i-kyoo-ree-uh-niz-uhm, ep-i-kyoor-ee-uh-niz-uhm)]

A form of hedonism defended by several philosophers of ancient Greece. For the Epicureans, the proper goal of action was pleasure — a long-term pleasure, marked by serenity and temperance.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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