fungi

[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy]
noun
a plural of fungus.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Fungi

[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy]
noun (used with a plural verb) Biology.
a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
Also called Mycota.


Origin:
< Neo-Latin; see fungus

fungi-

a combining form representing fungus, in compound words: fungicide.

fungus

[fuhng-guhs]
noun, plural fungi [fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] , funguses.
1.
any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow, comprising the mushrooms, molds, mildews, smuts, rusts, and yeasts, and classified in the kingdom Fungi or, in some classification systems, in the division Fungi (Thallophyta) of the kingdom Plantae.
2.
Pathology. a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
adjective

Origin:
1520–30; < Latin: fungus, mushroom; perhaps akin to Greek spóngos, sphóngos sponge

fungic [fuhn-jik] , adjective
funguslike, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fungi (ˈfʌŋɡaɪ, ˈfʌndʒaɪ, ˈfʌndʒɪ)
 
n
a plural of fungus

fungi- or (before a vowel) fung-
 
combining form
fungus: fungicide; fungoid
 
fung- or (before a vowel) fung-
 
combining form

fungus (ˈfʌŋɡəs)
 
n , pl fungi, funguses
1.  any member of a kingdom of organisms (Fungi) that lack chlorophyll, leaves, true stems, and roots, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The group includes moulds, mildews, rusts, yeasts, and mushrooms
2.  something resembling a fungus, esp in suddenly growing and spreading rapidly
3.  pathol any soft tumorous growth
 
[C16: from Latin: mushroom, fungus; probably related to Greek spongossponge]
 
fungic
 
adj
 
'fungus-like
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fungus
1520s, from L. fungus, learned alternative to mushroom. (Though funge was used in this sense late 14c.). The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Gk. sphongos, the Attic form of spongos "sponge" (see sponge).

fungi
Latin pl. of fungus.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Fungi Fun·gi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
n.
A kingdom of plantlike sporeforming organisms that grow in irregular masses without roots, stems, leaves, or photosynthetic.

fungus fun·gus (fŭng'gəs)
n. pl. fun·gus·es or fun·gi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which lack chlorophyll and vascular tissue and range in form from a single cell to a body mass of branched filamentous hyphae that often produce specialized fruiting bodies.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fungus   (fŭng'gəs)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural fungi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.

fungal adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
fungi [(fun-jeye, fung-geye)]

sing. fungus

Plantlike organisms lacking chlorophyll, such as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. Modern biologists tend to place fungi in their own kingdom, not in the plant kingdom, because they get their nutrients from other living things (or from the remains of living things that have died) rather than from photosynthesis. (See under “Medicine and Health.”)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
And fungi are, strangely, quite close relations of ours.
These are the animals, the plants, the fungi and single-celled creatures such
  as ciliates.
Fungi that infect human skin or nails are known to carry similarly large and
  diverse sets of protein slicers.
Keeping the plant too wet makes it easier for bacteria or fungi to establish
  themselves.
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