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fatten

[fat-n] /ˈfæt n/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make fat.
2.
to feed (animals) abundantly before slaughter.
3.
to enrich:
to fatten the soil; to fatten one's pocketbook.
4.
Cards.
  1. Poker. to increase the number of chips in (a pot).
  2. Pinochle. to play a card that scores high on (a trick) expected to be taken by a partner.
verb (used without object)
5.
to grow fat.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; fat + -en1
Related forms
fattenable, adjective
fattener, noun
overfatten, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fattening

fatten

/ˈfætən/
verb
1.
to grow or cause to grow fat or fatter
2.
(transitive) to cause (an animal or fowl) to become fat by feeding it
3.
(transitive) to make fuller or richer
4.
(transitive) to enrich (soil) by adding fertilizing agents
Derived Forms
fattenable, adjective
fattener, noun
fattening, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for fattening
adj.

"that makes fat," 1690s, present participle adjective from fatten. Earlier word was fatting (1530s).

fatten

v.

1550s, from fat + -en (1). Related: Fattened. The earlier verb was simply fat (Old English fættian "to become fat, fatten"); e.g. fatted calf.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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