port city, A Coruna provincia (province), in the northern section of the comunidad autonoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, in extreme northwestern Spain. It is located on the Ferrol Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. Named for a farol (lighthouse) that marked the entrance to its harbour, the then fishing village of Ferrol was chosen in 1726 by King Philip V as the site for a naval base. Ferdinand VI set up (1746-59) shipbuilding yards there; between 1769 and 1774 Charles III added the royal naval arsenal and erected fortifications. After 1939 the city's name became El Ferrol del Caudillo because it was the birthplace of Gen. Francisco Franco, who had become caudillo (leader) of Spain; in the 1980s, however, the longer name was abolished.
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