fungis'

Fungi

[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy]
noun (used with a plural verb) Biology.
a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
Also called Mycota.


Origin:
< Neo-Latin; see fungus

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World English Dictionary
fungi (ˈfʌŋɡaɪ, ˈfʌndʒaɪ, ˈfʌndʒɪ)
 
n
a plural of fungus

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fungi
Latin pl. of fungus.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Fungi Fun·gi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
n.
A kingdom of plantlike sporeforming organisms that grow in irregular masses without roots, stems, leaves, or photosynthetic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fungus   (fŭng'gəs)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural fungi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.

fungal adjective
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
fungi [(fun-jeye, fung-geye)]

sing. fungus

Plantlike organisms lacking chlorophyll, such as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. Modern biologists tend to place fungi in their own kingdom, not in the plant kingdom, because they get their nutrients from other living things (or from the remains of living things that have died) rather than from photosynthesis. (See under “Medicine and Health.”)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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