1 [jin]
an alcoholic liquor obtained by distilling grain mash with juniper berries.
an alcoholic liquor similar to this, made by redistilling spirits with flavoring agents, especially juniper berries, orange peel, angelica root, etc.

1705–15; shortened from geneva Unabridged


2 [jin]
a trap or snare for game.
any of various machines employing simple tackle or windlass mechanisms for hoisting.
a stationary prime mover having a drive shaft rotated by horizontal beams pulled by horses walking in a circle.
verb (used with object), ginned, ginning.
to clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.
to snare (game).

1150–1200; Middle English gyn, aphetic variant of Old French engin engine

ginner, noun


3 [gin]
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), gan, gun, ginning. Archaic.
to begin.

1150–1200; Middle English ginnen, Old English ginnan, aphetic variant of onginnan, beginnen to begin


4 [jin] Cards.
Also called gin rummy. a variety of rummy for two players, in which a player with 10 or fewer points in unmatched cards can end the game by laying down the hand.
the winning of such a game by laying down a full set of matched cards, earning the winner a bonus of 20 or 25 points.
verb (used without object), ginned, ginning.
to win a game in gin by laying down a hand in which all 10 cards are included in sets.

1955–60; perhaps special use of gin1


5 [gin]
conjunction Chiefly Scot. and Southern Appalachian.
if; whether.

1665–75; variously explained as sense development of gien given (see gie, -en3); as contraction of gif if + an2 (cf. iffen); or as aphetic form of again


6 [jin]
noun Australian Informal.
a female Aborigine.
an Aboriginal wife.
Also, jin.

1820–30; < Dharuk di-yin Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gin1 (dʒɪn)
1.  an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
2.  any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essences: sloe gin
3.  an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
[C18: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jūniperusjuniper]

gin2 (dʒɪn)
1.  a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
2.  Also called: cotton gin a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
3.  a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
4.  a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
vb , gins, ginning, ginned
5.  to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
6.  to trap or snare (game) with a gin
[C13 gyn, shortened from engine]

gin3 (ɡɪn)
vb , gins, ginning, gan, gun
an archaic word for begin

gin4 (ɡɪn)
(Scot) if
[perhaps related to gif, an earlier form of if]

gin5 (dʒɪn)
offensive, slang (Austral) an Aboriginal woman
[C19: from a native Australian language]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"type of distilled drinking alcohol," 1714, shortening of geneva, alt. (by influence of the Swiss city) from Du. genever "juniper" (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from O.Fr. genevre, from L. juniperus "juniper." Gin rummy first attested 1941.

"machine for separating cotton from seeds," 1796, Amer.Eng., used earlier of various other machineries, from M.E. gin "ingenious device, contrivance" (c.1200), from O.Fr. gin "machine, device, scheme," aphetic form of engin, from L. ingenium (see engine).

in slang phrase gin up "enliven, make more exciting," 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense, from ginger in sense of "spice, pizzazz;" specifically in ref. to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:
... to put ginger up a horse's fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

GIN definition

A special-purpose macro assembler used to build the GEORGE 3 operating system for ICL1900 series computers.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Gin definition

a trap. (1.) Ps. 140:5, 141:9, Amos 3:5, the Hebrew word used, _mokesh_, means a noose or "snare," as it is elsewhere rendered (Ps. 18:5; Prov. 13:14, etc.). (2.) Job 18:9, Isa. 8:14, Heb. pah, a plate or thin layer; and hence a net, a snare, trap, especially of a fowler (Ps. 69: 22, "Let their table before them become a net;" Amos 3:5, "Doth a bird fall into a net [pah] upon the ground where there is no trap-stick [mokesh] for her? doth the net [pah] spring up from the ground and take nothing at all?", Gesenius.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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