gamboge

[gam-bohj, -boozh]
noun
1.
Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, especially G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic.
2.
yellow or yellow-orange.

Origin:
1625–35; < Neo-Latin gambog- (stem of gambogium), variant of cambog-, after Cambodia

gambogian, adjective
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World English Dictionary
gamboge (ɡæmˈbəʊdʒ, -ˈbuːʒ)
 
n
1.  a.  a gum resin used as the source of a yellow pigment and as a purgative
 b.  the pigment made from this resin
2.  gamboge tree any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp G. hanburyi, that yield this resin: family Clusiaceae
3.  a strong yellow colour
 
[C18: from New Latin gambaugium, from Cambodia]
 
gam'bogian
 
adj

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gamboge

hard, brittle gum resin that is obtained from various Southeast Asian trees of the genus Garcinia and is used as a colour vehicle and in medicine. Gamboge is orange to brown in colour and when powdered turns bright yellow. Artists use it as a pigment and as a colouring matter for varnishes. In medicine and veterinary medicine it is a drastic cathartic. On the skin it has a severe irritant effect. Gamboge was probably brought into Europe from the East at the close of the 16th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The bamboos contain on an average less than one pound of gamboge.
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