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geology

[jee-ol-uh-jee] /dʒiˈɒl ə dʒi/
noun, plural geologies.
1.
the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing.
2.
the study of this science.
3.
the geologic features and processes occurring in a given region on the earth or on a celestial body:
the geology of Mars; the geology of eastern Kentucky.
Origin
1680-1690
1680-90; geo- + -logy
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for geology
  • She got straight A's in geology classes.
  • The pace doesn't make for scintillating geology lectures or textbooks.
  • One innocent explanation for such discrepancies is geology.
  • For those who sidestepped geology in college, obsidian is a volcanic glass.
  • Cosmology, geology and evolutionary biology flatly contradict the literal truths of creation myths from around the world.
  • The climate is moderate, but the topography is rugged and the geology varied.
  • My 84 year old brother is very interested in geology.
  • The young Holmes was enamored of natural history and geology.
  • In geology each series of rocks covers an æon, or an indetinite and immeasurable period of time.
  • Coal seams, like oilfields, vary hugely in their geology.
British Dictionary definitions for geology

geology

/dʒɪˈɒlədʒɪ/
noun
1.
the scientific study of the origin, history, structure, and composition of the earth
2.
the geological features of a district or country
Derived Forms
geological (ˌdʒɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl), geologic, adjective
geologically, adverb
geologist, geologer, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for geology
n.

1735, from Modern Latin geologia "the study of the earth," from geo- "earth" + logia (see -logy). In Medieval Latin, geologia (14c.) meant "study of earthly things," i.e. law, as distinguished from arts and sciences, which concern the works of God. Darwin used geologize as a verb.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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geology in Science
geology
  (jē-ŏl'ə-jē)   
  1. The scientific study of the origin of the Earth along with its rocks, minerals, land forms, and life forms, and of the processes that have affected them over the course of the Earth's history.

  2. The structure of a specific region of the Earth, including its rocks, soils, mountains, fossils, and other features.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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geology in Culture

geology definition


The science devoted to the study of the Earth, particularly the solid Earth and the rocks that compose it.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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12
14
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