|a system of thought, derived from experiments carried out by German psychologists, that regards all mental phenomena as being arranged in Gestalts|
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
Gestalt psychology n.
A type of psychology based on the study of a subject's responses to integrated wholes, rather than to separate experiences. Gestalt (a German word meaning “form”) also refers to any structure or pattern in which the whole has properties different from those of its parts; for example, the beauty of a musical melody does not depend on individual notes as such, but rather on the whole continuous tune.