Word Origin & History
mid-13c., from O.Fr. grape "bunch of grapes," from graper "pick grapes," from Frankish, from P.Gmc. *krappon "hook" (cf. O.H.G. krapfo "hook"). The original notion was "vine hook for grape-picking." The vine is not native to England. The word replaced O.E. winberige "wine berry." Grapefruit first recorded
1693 in Hans Sloane's catalogue of Jamaican plants; presumably it originated there from chance hybrids between other cultivated citrus. So called because it grows in clusters. Grapeshot is from 1747; originally simply grape, as a collective singular (1680s). Grapevine "rumor source" is 1862, from U.S. Civil War slang for "telegraph wires."