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7 Essential Words of Fall

Gregory

[greg-uh-ree] /ˈgrɛg ə ri/
noun
1.
Lady Augusta (Isabella Augusta Persse) 1852–1932, Irish dramatist.
2.
Horace, 1898–1982, U.S. poet and critic.
3.
James, 1638–75, Scottish mathematician.
4.
a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “watchful.”.

Gregory I

noun
1.
Saint ("Gregory the Great") a.d. c540–604, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 590–604.

Gregory II

noun
1.
Saint, died a.d. 731, pope 715–731.

Gregory III

noun
1.
Saint, died a.d. 741, pope 731–741.

Gregory IV

noun
1.
died a.d. 844, pope 827–844.

Gregory V

noun
1.
(Bruno of Carinthia) died a.d. 999, German ecclesiastic: pope 996–999.

Gregory VI

noun
1.
(Johannes Gratianus) died 1048, German ecclesiastic: pope 1045–46.

Gregory VII

noun
1.
Saint (Hildebrand) c1020–85, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1073–85.

Gregory VIII

noun
1.
(Alberto de MoraorAlberto di Morra) died 1187, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1187.

Gregory IX

noun
1.
(Ugolino di SegniorUgolino of Anagni) c1143–1241, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1227–41.

Gregory X

noun
1.
(Teobaldo Visconti) c1210–76, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1271–76.

Gregory XI

noun
1.
(Pierre Roger de Beaufort) 1330–78, French ecclesiastic: pope 1370–78.

Gregory XII

noun
1.
(Angelo Correr, Corrario or Corraro) c1327–1417, Italian ecclesiastic: installed as pope in 1406 and resigned office in 1415.

Gregory XIII

noun
1.
(Ugo Buoncompagni) 1502–85, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1572–85, educator and innovator of the modern calendar.

Gregory XIV

noun
1.
(Niccolò Sfandrati) 1535–91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1590–91.

Gregory XV

noun
1.
(Alessandro Ludovisi) 1554–1623, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1621–23.

Gregory XVI

noun
1.
(Bartolommeo Alberto Cappellari) 1765–1846, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1831–46.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Gregory

Gregory

/ˈɡrɛɡərɪ/
noun
1.
Lady (Isabella) Augusta (Persse). 1852–1932, Irish dramatist; a founder and director of the Abbey Theatre, Dublin

Gregory I

noun
1.
Saint, known as Gregory the Great. ?540–604 ad, pope (590–604), who greatly influenced the medieval Church. He strengthened papal authority by centralizing administration, tightened discipline, and revised the liturgy. He appointed Saint Augustine missionary to England. Feast day: March 12 or Sept 3

Gregory IX

noun
1.
original name Ugolino of Segni. ?1148–1241, pope (1227–41). He excommunicated and waged war against Emperor Frederick II

Gregory VII

noun
1.
Saint, monastic name Hildebrand. ?1020-–85, pope (1073–85), who did much to reform abuses in the Church. His assertion of papal supremacy and his prohibition (1075) of lay investiture was opposed by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, whom he excommunicated (1076). He was driven into exile when Henry captured Rome (1084). Feast day: May 25

Gregory XIII

noun
1.
1502–85, pope (1572–85). He promoted the Counter-Reformation and founded seminaries. His reformed (Gregorian) calendar was issued in 1582
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Gregory

masc. proper name, common in England and Scotland by mid-12c. (Pope Gregory I sent the men who converted the English to Christianity), from Late Latin Gregorius, from Greek gregorios, a derivative of gregoros "to be watchful," from PIE root *ger- "to be awake" (cf. Sanskrit jagarti "he is awake," Avestan agarayeiti "wakes up, rouses"). At times confused with Latin gregarius (see gregarious).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Gregory

Gregory XI

the last French pope and the last of the Avignonese popes, when Avignon was the papal seat (1309-77). He reigned from 1370 to 1378.

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Gregory XII

pope from 1406 to 1415. He was the last of the Roman line during the Western Schism (1378-1417), when the papacy was contested by antipopes in Avignon and in Pisa

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Gregory XVI

pope from 1831 to 1846. His efforts to consolidate papal authority within the church were matched by his support of traditional monarchies throughout Europe.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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